Just like a human medical emergency, follow the same DRSABC principles of handling an animal medical emergency.
- D - Danger - make sure it is safe to approach your pet. Use a blanket/ towel to handle cats or a makeshift muzzle for larger dogs.
- R - Response - determine if your pet is conscious - look for any signs of movement.
- S - Send for help - ask another person to call us while you assist your pet.
- A - Airway - only check the airway if your pet is unconscious - pull the tongue out of the mouth and look for any obstructions.
- B - Breathing - watch the chest to see if it is rising and falling. If your pet is not breathing administer two breaths.
- C - Compressions - After two breaths if no signs of life, commence CPR.
If your pet has a heartbeat but is not breathing you need to undertake artificial respiration - select this link.
If your pet has no heartbeat and is not breathing you can undertake Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) as per below.
How to perform CPR on your dog
Heart beat rates (BPM)
- A small dog's heart beats 100-160 times per minute.
- A medium/ large dog's heart beats 60-100 times per minute.
- A cat's heart beats 140-200 times per minute.
- Puppies and kittens may have a pulse of 250 beats per minute.
All animals that have been involved in a trauma need to be checked by a veterinarian as soon as possible. Some injuries are not always obvious and may cause problems days, months or years down the track.